Stay Updated with The Indonesian Business Landscape

Come Visit Indonesia provides the latest updates to guide you through the everchanging regulations in Indonesia.


June 18, 2024

Indonesia welcomes foreign investment, and setting up a PT PMA (Penanaman Modal Asing, or Foreign Investment Limited Liability Company) is a great way to establish a formal business presence in this dynamic Southeast Asian market. While the process is achievable, it’s wise to be prepared for certain requirements and potential hurdles.

Here’s a breakdown to help you navigate the steps like a pro:

Consider Local Assistance

While attempting to register a PT PMA independently is possible, Indonesia’s regulatory landscape presents challenges for foreign investors. Language barriers, potential changes to regulations, and bureaucratic processes can hinder your efforts. A trustworthy local consultant who is well-versed in PT PMA regulations is strongly recommended to streamline the process, avoid missteps, and prevent unnecessary delays.

Choosing a Reliable Consultant

Exercise due diligence when selecting a consultant. Look for the following:

  • Indonesian Ownership: Current regulations often mandate that your consultant be an Indonesian individual/entity or have a significant local presence.
  • BKPM Certification: Verify your consultant’s certification with the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM).
  • Client Testimonials: Research the consultant’s reputation. Positive references and testimonials from previous clients offer valuable insights.
  • Power of Attorney: Legitimate consultants will always require a signed Power of Attorney, authorizing them to act on your company’s behalf. This grants you legal control.
  • Transparent Reporting: Your consultant should proactively provide progress updates throughout the registration process.

Defining Your Business Activities

Indonesia maintains a Negative Investment List (DNI) with updated, detailed information on business sectors open to foreign investment and any associated restrictions. Thoroughly consult the DNI with your agent to ensure your PT PMA’s intended activities comply with current regulations.

Determining Your Company Location

Choosing your PT PMA’s office location influences future administrative processes, such as obtaining a Taxpayer Registration Number (NPWP). Changing your business address could be costly and time-consuming. Careful consideration at the outset can save later inconveniences.

Ensuring Adequate Capitalization

Indonesia enforces substantial minimum paid-up capital requirements for PT PMAs. These regulations could fluctuate by 2024, so be sure to obtain the most up-to-date information. Investing beyond the minimum can offer your business added stability and potential for accelerated growth.

Avoiding Nominee Arrangements

Nominee arrangements involve appointing local individuals as shareholders or directors in your PT PMA when they have little or no genuine involvement in the company. While tempting as a short-term solution, nominee agreements carry high risks. Disputes about ownership or control could cause severe setbacks. It’s crucial to prioritize ethical and legal practices when structuring your PT PMA.

Prioritizing Document Transparency

Reputable consultants hand over all legal documents upon completion of your PT PMA’s registration. Any efforts to withhold documents should be a red flag. You have the right to full control of your company’s documentation.

Understanding Taxation Obligations

Indonesia maintains a comprehensive tax system, and obtaining a Taxpayer Registration Number (NPWP) is essential for PT PMAs. Failing to file returns or pay taxes on time can incur penalties. Enlisting a certified accountant helps ensure meticulous tax compliance and financial health.

Respecting Indonesian Law and Bureaucracy

Adhering to Indonesian regulations is paramount. Disregarding regulations could have legal ramifications and tarnish your company’s reputation. Understanding bureaucracy and fulfilling documentation requirements patiently helps secure business stability.

Appreciating Indonesian Business Culture

Immersing yourself in Indonesian business culture will pay dividends. Familiarize yourself with holidays, customs, and negotiation practices. Respect and sensitivity pave the way for lasting business relationships in Indonesia.

Disclaimer: Regulations pertaining to PT PMAs are subject to change. Always verify the most current requirements with BKPM or a legal professional before initiating the registration process.

Extra Tips for Success

  • Patience is Key: Bureaucracy takes time – factor this into your planning. Stay positive and work closely with your consultant.
  • Build Relationships: Indonesians value strong working relationships. Take time to cultivate connections with your consultant, legal team, and potential local partners.
  • Learn the Culture: Familiarize yourself with Indonesian business etiquette and practices. This demonstrates respect and fosters better integration.

Indonesia Awaits You!

Setting up a PT PMA in Indonesia opens doors to one of the world’s most promising markets. By understanding the current regulations, choosing the right partners, and adopting a respectful approach, you’ll have a smooth and successful business foundation.

Need a starting point? Come Visit Indonesia is happy to connect you with trusted business consultants. Let us help make your entrepreneurial dreams in Indonesia a reality!



February 18, 2024

Navigating through immigration processes, whether as a foreigner or a local, involves understanding a multitude of terms and procedures. The Directorate General of Immigration in Indonesia employs various terminologies and procedures essential for smooth immigration operations. This guide aims to decode the intricacies of Indonesian immigration terms, offering clarity on commonly encountered terms and procedures.

Indonesia’s Visa and Immigration Terms You Need to Know

1. Direktorat Jenderal Imigrasi Directorate General of Immigration
2. Orang Asing foreigner/alien/foreign national
3. Tempat Pemeriksaan Imigrasi (TPI) Immigration Control/ Passport Control/ Immigration Border Control
4. Kantor Imigrasi Immigration Office/Local Immigration Office
5. Dokumen Perjalanan Travel Document (TD)
6. SPLP Emergency Passport/Emergency Travel Document/
7. Visa Kunjungan Visitor Visa
8. VKSK Visa on Arrival
9. VITAS Temporary Residence Visa (TRV)
10. Izin Tinggal

Izin Tinggal Kunjungan

Residence Permit

Visitor Permit

11. ITAS Temporary Residence Permit (TRP)
12. KITAS Temporary Residence Permit (TRP) Card
13. ITAP Permanent Residence Permit
14. KITAP Permanent Residence Permit Card
15. Bebas Visa Free Visa/Visa Waived
16. Penanggung Jawab Alat Angkut Transports Operators
17. Penjamin Sponsor
18. Tindakan Administratif Keimigrasian (TAK) Immigration Administrative Sanctions/ Immigration Administrative Actions
19. Rudenim Immigration Detention Centre
20. Rudenim Pusat Immigration Detention Centre Headquarters (IDC HQ)
21. Tanda Masuk (Cap Masuk) Entry Stamp
22. Tanda Keluar (Cap Keluar) Exit Stamp
23. Pencegahan Ban on Exit/Departure Ban
24. Penangkalan Ban on Entry/Entry Ban
25. Daftar Cekal Ban List/Movement Alert List
26. Pemulangan/Deportasi Removal/Deportation
27. Penolakan Masuk Denied Entry/Refused Entry
28. Penolakan Keberangkatan Denied Boarding/ Refused Exit
29. Ruang Detensi Imigrasi Immigration Room/Holding Room
30. Awak Alat Angkut Crew
31. Pramugari/Pramugara Flight Attendant
32. Pilot Pilot
33. Penanggung Jawab Kabin Purser
34. Laporan Awak Alat Angkut Pesawat (udara) General Declaration/ GenDec
35. Laporan Awak Alat Angkut Air (Kapal) Crew List
36. Laporan Penumpang Alat Angkut Manifest/ Passengers List
37. Melebihi masa tinggal Overstay
38. Deteni/Tahanan Imigrasi Detainee
39. Paspor Dinas Service/ Official Passport
40. Visa Dinas Service/ Official Visa
41. Paspor Diplomatik Diplomatic Passport
42. Visa Diplomatik Diplomatic Visa
43. Keluarga Kapten Kapal/ Perwira Pertama Supernumerary
44. Pemilik Kargo/Logistik di kapal Supercargo
45. Pengawas mesin/jalannya mesin di kapal saat kapal sandar Superintendent
46. Pelabuhan/ Dermaga Shipyard = dock = harbor/harbour = jetty = drydock = seaport = wharf = quay
47. Jabatan/ Pangkat Awak Alat Angkut di Kapal Rank/ Status on Vessels => captain, master, first officer (mate), purser, chief engineer (1st, 2nd…), medical purser, cook, boatswain, AB (able seamen), OS (ordinary seamen)
48. Sandar (Kapal) Anchor/Embark
49. Lepas Sandar (Kapal) Alight/Disembark
50. Mendarat (Pesawat) Landing
51. Lepas Landas (Pesawat) Take off
52. Kartu Kru/ Awak Alat Angkut Crew Card
53. Pengawasan Melekat (waskat) – 2K11 (Deportasi) Escort/Close Supervision
54. Pengawasan Keberangkatan (eks kru) – 2K21 Discharge of Crew Members
55. Pengawasan Keimigrasian Immigration Operation/ Immigration Compliance Activity
56. Tim PORA (Tim Pengawasan Orang Asing) Foreigners Operation Team/ Immigration Enforcement Team
57. Penyemu Impostor/Imposter
58. Penegakan Hukum di Perbatasan Border Integrity
59. Dokumen Milik Negara (Indonesia) Property of the Indonesian Government
60. Penindakan Keimigrasian Immigration Enforcement
61. Tindakan Administratif Keimigrasian Immigration Administrative Sanctions
62. Tindak Pidana Keimigrasian Immigration Crime/ Immigration Offense
63. Pelaku TP Keimigrasian Immigration Criminal/Offender/Immigration
64. Membayar danda Pay the fine/ Pay the penalty
65. Masa berlaku Validity
66. Tanggal berakhir/Kedaluwarsa Date of Expiry
67.  Tinggal Lajak Overstay
68. Permohonan Visa Dalam Negeri Onshore Visa Application
69.  Permohonan Visa Luar Negeri Offshore Visa Application

Understanding Indonesian immigration terminology is pivotal for seamless navigation through immigration procedures. Whether you’re a foreigner seeking temporary residency or a local sponsor, familiarity with these terms facilitates compliance and smoothens immigration processes. By acquainting oneself with the nuances of Indonesian immigration terminology, individuals can ensure adherence to regulations and streamline their immigration experiences effectively.

What are the different types of visas in Indonesia?

Indonesia offers various visa options depending on your purpose of visit and intended stay:

Visit Visa:

  • Visa on Arrival (VOA): Valid for 30 days, extendable once for another 30 days. Available for specific nationalities upon arrival at designated airports.
  • A visa obtained at Indonesian Embassy/Consulate: Valid for longer durations, depending on the purpose of the visit.

Limited Stay Visa (VITAS): For foreigners working, studying, investing, or residing long-term in Indonesia. Requires sponsorship and specific documentation.

  • Diplomatic & Service Visa: Issued to diplomats, government officials, and their dependents.
  • Other Visa Types: Research, media, and emergency visas exist for specific purposes.

What are the new visa rules for Indonesia 2024?

Effective December 31, 2023, Indonesia introduces significant changes to its visa system, aiming to simplify procedures and attract foreign investment and talent. Here’s a summary of the key updates:

1. Golden Visa: A new visa category offering special privileges for eligible individuals, designed to boost investment and tourism.

2. Investor KITAS: Minimum investment threshold raised to 10 billion IDR for one-year validity. Allows conversion from B211 visa and now offers a Working KITAS option for foreign professionals.

3. Retirement KITAS: The age requirement remains 60, but income/pension proof of USD 3,000 is now required. Travel agency permits and hiring Indonesian personnel are no longer mandatory.

4. Second Home Visa: Requires maintaining funds in a state-owned bank or purchasing a condominium exceeding USD 1,000,000.

5. Streamlined Processes: Elimination of SKTT requirement for certain applications, along with adjustments to passport validity and travel document data updates. Existing applications under prior regulations remain valid until December 31, 2023.

Can I live in Bali permanently?

Permanent residency in Indonesia is challenging and requires meeting specific criteria, including significant financial investment or marriage to an Indonesian citizen. Consulting an immigration lawyer is highly recommended for exploring this option.

What is a Multiple Visit Visa?

Multiple Entry Visa cater to both tourists and business travellers, offering them greater flexibility and convenience compared to single-entry visas.

D1 Visa (Multiple Entry Tourist Visa): This visa is ideal for tourists who plan to visit Indonesia frequently for leisure purposes. It allows a stay of up to 60 days per visit, with the possibility of extending twice for additional 60-day periods. You can enter and leave Indonesia as many times as you want throughout the visa’s validity period, which can be 1, 2, or 5 years.

D2 Visa (Multiple Entry Business Visa): This visa is suitable for business travellers who require frequent visits to Indonesia for business activities. Similar to the D1 visa, it permits a stay of up to 60 days per visit, with extensions of up to 60 days twice. You can enjoy multiple entries throughout the visa’s validity period, which can be 1, 2, or 5 years.

Planning to travel to Indonesia soon?

Come Visit Indonesia can assist you throughout your travel planning! We will guide you through immigration and cultural insights to ensure a smooth and enriching experience.

Remember, visa regulations are subject to change. Contact Come Visit Indonesia for the latest and most accurate information. We look forward to welcoming you to Indonesia!


February 18, 2024

Have you ever felt confused about annual and monthly tax reporting? Which one do you need to report, or are there any differences regarding the requirements? Let’s clear things up!

Understanding the difference between annual and monthly tax reporting is crucial for managing your finances effectively. Both are known as Notification Letters (SPT) in Indonesia, but they differ in frequency and purpose.

Here’s a breakdown to help you navigate:

Annual vs Monthly: Timing Difference

As the name implies, monthly SPT (Periodic SPT) is reported every month, usually by the 20th for income tax and month-end for VAT.

Meanwhile, the annual tax return applies once a year, by March 31st for individuals and April 30th for businesses.

Type of Tax Within The Spectrum

Annual SPT covers personal and corporate income, including assets, debts, and taxes payable for the year.

Monthly SPT primarily focuses on withholding or collecting income tax (PPh) for various categories (articles 21, 22, 23, etc.) as well as VAT and PPnBM.

Forms You Should Apply for

Annual SPT covers reports for individuals and corporate forms like SPT 1770, SPT 1770 S, or SPT 1770 SS. Businesses use SPT 1771.

Monthly SPT forms may vary depending on the specific tax type.

Late Penalties

Missing deadlines that attract fines for monthly and annual tax payments are also different.

For Annual SPT, individuals face an IDR 100,000 fine, while businesses get fined IDR 1,000,000. Late payments incur additional interest charges.

While for monthly SPT, late reporting of VAT SPT attracts an IDR 500,000 fine, and income tax SPT incurs an IDR 100,000 penalty. Late payments also involve interest charges.

Still feeling overwhelmed? Don’t hesitate to reach out!

Come Visit Indonesia can help you navigate the complexities of tax reporting. Our team of experts can provide guidance, answer your questions, and ensure your tax process runs smoothly and complies with regulations.

Remember, managing your finances effectively starts with understanding your tax obligations. By knowing the difference between annual and monthly SPTs, you can stay on top of your finances and avoid any unnecessary penalties.

annual tax, monthly tax


February 18, 2024

In 2024, significant changes have been implemented regarding corporate income tax payments in Indonesia. The government has instituted measures to enhance tax payment efficiency, allowing for easier deduction of expenses from annual profits to mitigate tax liabilities.

However, compliance demands have heightened, necessitating precise reporting of withholding tax by companies. The government has augmented validation mechanisms to ensure the accuracy of reported information.

This article elucidates the 2024 alterations to corporate income tax and guides maximizing allowable deductions.

Corporate Income Tax Structure in Indonesia

Companies in Indonesia are categorized into three income tax brackets based on annual revenue:

  1. 0.5% of gross revenue
  2. 11% from profit for revenue between 4.8-50 billion IDR
  3. 22% from profit for revenue exceeding 50 billion IDR

Corporate Income Tax Calculation

Taxable income is computed as gross income minus allowable deductions and then subjected to the relevant tax rate based on annual revenue.

Allowable Deductions for Corporate Income Tax Reduction

For companies with revenue below 4.8 billion IDR, deductions are not applicable as tax is computed based on gross revenue. However, for those with revenue exceeding 4.8 billion IDR, deductions are contingent upon accurate withholding tax reporting.

Most business expenses are deductible, subject to withholding tax rates as per the following table:

Business Expense Withholding tax (WHT)
Raw materials purchase
Salary PPH 21, starts from 5% – 35%
Rental PPH 4.2: 10%
Marketing and Promotion WHT: 2% (for residence agency) or 20% (for national agency)Foreign VAT: 10% (If you purchase Ads, for example, or foreign subscriptions)
Foreign exchange losses
Research and Development WHT: 2% (for residence agency) or 20% (for the national agency)

Corporate Income Tax Reporting Deadline

All businesses are mandated to report their corporate income tax by April 30, 2024.

Indonesia Core Tax System

Commencing July 2024, the Indonesian government is implementing a new tax system integrating corporate bank accounts directly into its framework. This initiative aims to streamline tax recording processes and deter tax evasion. While rollout specifics are pending, meticulous tax reporting and expense recording remain imperative for optimizing income tax obligations.

Still Have Questions About Tax in Indonesia?

Navigating Indonesia’s tax landscape can be intricate, requiring specialized knowledge and adherence to evolving regulations. At Come Visit Indonesia, we empower businesses with comprehensive tax consultancy services designed to streamline compliance and optimize financial strategies.

Our team of experienced tax professionals possesses a deep understanding of Indonesian tax laws and regulations. We guide you through the intricacies of corporate tax reporting, ensuring accuracy, timeliness, and adherence to all legal requirements.

Furthermore, we provide valuable insights into tax planning strategies tailored to your specific business operations. This proactive approach helps you minimize tax liabilities and maximize financial benefits within the legal framework.

Partner with Come Visit Indonesia and gain the clarity and confidence you need to navigate Indonesia’s corporate tax landscape with ease. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and unlock the full potential of your business in Indonesia.

corporate income tax

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, most nationalities require a visa to enter Indonesia. Visa requirements vary depending on your nationality and length of stay. We recommend checking with the Indonesian Embassy or Consulate in your home country for the latest information.

There are two main types of business entities in Indonesia:

  • PT PMA (Penanaman Modal Asing): Foreign-owned company with majority foreign ownership.
  • PT PMDN (Penanaman Modal Dalam Negeri): Domestic company with majority Indonesian ownership.

Our consultants can help you choose the right type of entity for your business needs.

The Indonesian tax system can be complex. We recommend consulting with a tax advisor to understand your specific obligations. However, we can provide general information about corporate income tax, personal income tax, and value-added tax (VAT).

Obtaining business licenses in Indonesia can be a time-consuming and complex process. Our agents can help you navigate the process and ensure you obtain the necessary licenses for your business.

Navigating the Indonesian market can be challenging for foreign businesses. Agents can provide invaluable assistance by:

Local Expertise: Our agents have deep knowledge of Indonesian culture, regulations, and business practices.

Efficiency and Speed: We can help you avoid delays and simplify the entry process.

Cost Savings: We can negotiate better deals with local suppliers and service providers.

Risk Mitigation: We can help you identify and manage potential risks associated with entering the Indonesian market.